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Mobile App Design: Big Guide into Types of Mobile Applications

Review of the most popular types of mobile applications, their functions, and benefits in perspectives of content and technical realization. With a huge pack of UI examples.

Smartphones are no longer a thing for communication only: today, they cover multiple needs and help us to solve a variety of problems. Mobile applications let us study and entertain, do a lot of basic operations in seconds, calculate and edit, remind and connect us to other people, and so on, and so forth. According to the collection of useful stats about mobile marketing, in 2017 users spent on average 69% of their media time on smartphones, and this number is constantly growing. In 2018, there are reported about 8 million apps in the Google Play store, 2.2 million in the Apple App Store, 669K in the Windows Store, and 600K in the Amazon Appstore. Not only the number grows but also diversity, and that’s clearly seen from the variety of design projects. So, today we offer to review the most popular types of mobile applications, their functions, and benefits – in addition to the guide into types of websites and types of mobile screens we told about earlier. With lots of examples by Tubik designers, of course.

There are two global perspectives to classify mobile apps: in the aspect of content they offer and the aspect of their technical realization. Let’s start with the content.

Content Perspective

Here we classify the applications according to the problems they solve and the functions they offer to users.

Utility Apps

This is the basic and perhaps the most widely used type of mobile applications. These apps let users solve a particular problem or accomplish a task, usually the one we face day in and day out. It’s all about basic problems which should be solved quickly – and this is what apps of this type do, saving our time and effort. Here you will find a variety of calculators from standard to financial and scientific ones, clock and alarm apps, flashlights, barcode scanners, tools for conversion and password management, screen locks, etc. They are little helpers of our everyday life.

toonie alarm app design

Toonie Alarm

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Homey App

Contact List Concept Scrolls Tubik

Contact List App

Lifestyle Apps

These apps are connected to various spheres of our activities connected to lifestyle and life quality. Usually, they cover quite general themes, subjects, and services. These apps help users find and improve their homes and offices, take up hobbies, look good and feel good, etc. If your app is about real estate, fashion, parenting, or hobbies, that’s a category for it.

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My Baby App

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Watering Tracker App

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Carfinder App

Navigation Apps

These mobile applications help users to find their way and plan their routes. These are driving and walking assistants, map applications, atlases, public transit maps, and fuel finders, pilots and maritime assistance apps, and the like.

Food and Drink Apps

These apps are all about tasty life as “there is no love sincerer than the love of food” according to George Bernard Shaw. Here you will find everything about eating and drinking, cooking, healthy food, eating out, and the like. So, diverse applications offering users recipes and menus, nutrition facts, reviews of meals, beverages, restaurants, and cafes, guides into cuisines of different countries, and all the stuff like that go to this category.

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Tasty Burger App

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Vegan Recipes App

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Perfect Recipes App

Books Apps

Explanation won’t take long: these are apps for reading stuff that was traditionally printed. Here this content becomes interactive and offers different functionality for user manipulations. Reader apps, interactive ebooks, and comics are found in this category.

Education Apps

The mobile applications of this type are all about learning and teaching: the main objective behind them is to share knowledge in an interactive way. Here you’ll find the apps of different complexity and interactivity levels focused on educational purposes. They may be aimed at different target audiences that determine the approaches to graphics and general concepts of user interface design for every particular case. In this group, you’ll find stuff from basics like reading, writing, phonics, colors, alphabet, vocabulary training apps to specific narrow themes like nature and wildlife, geography and astronomy, languages, test preparation apps, school portals, and educational platforms.

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Learn Chinese App

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Nature Encyclopedia App

App for Moon Creative, an educational facility for children and teens studying design and animation.

Entertainment Apps

Who works well, has to rest well. Entertainment apps are usually aimed at adding fun to our life. These interactive applications are designed and developed to entertain users with audio, video, graphic, and other content. Here are TV and movie apps, ticketing apps, interfaces for art creation and fun clubs, etc.

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Cinema App

Game Apps

One more group of apps which can serve both entertainment and education is games. Here you’ll get a variety of options, from highly useful intellectual or educational games to time-killers for waiting time. Game applications are perhaps the most diverse in visual styles and layout design.

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Real Racing Mobile Game

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Letter Bounce Game

Music Apps

For many users around the world, music is an integral part of life, so the domain of music apps offers a great variety of options to discover music, listen to it, record or even compose music. These are not only music players and libraries, but also apps for music creation, education, watching videos and concerts and even lyrics writing.

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Music News App

Business Apps

These mobile apps support people involved in business activities: they help to track and analyze data, provide functionality for collaboration, resource management, and planning. Here you’ll also find apps for hiring and job search, remote desktops, file sharing apps, and tools enhancing teamwork.

Finance Apps

The apps of this group are about money. They actually perform financial transactions and support the user about the company or personal financial stuff. So, here are financial management and budget apps, mobile banking applications, the ones about investment, insurance and stocks, taxes, and bill reminders.

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Finance App for collective finance management

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Home Budget app for tracking and analysis of personal financial stuff

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Bitex Stock Analysis App

Sports Apps

The apps of this category are related to sporting activities of all kinds such as professional, amateur, collegiate, or recreational ones. They may serve for teams, leagues and sporting events, feature info about athletes, track scores, provide instructions and sports news.

Health and Fitness Apps

This type is aimed at the user’s healthy living. There can be apps that help to monitor health conditions, track and analyze this kind of data, lose or gain weight, manage stress, do fitness, have active rest, or relaxing recreation. Workout, running and cycling trackers, apps sharing programs for weight loss, pilates and yoga apps, pregnancy applications, and all this kind of useful helpers are found in this category.

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Slumber App

Fitness Tracker App

Medical Apps

In comparison to the previous category, these apps are more professional in the aspect of healthcare and medical treatment. They are focused on medical education, management and health reference for patients and doctors. So, here you’ll come across the apps informing about diseases and symptoms, helping to explore the anatomy and track health conditions deeper than the general health trackers, supporting medical records.

Magazines and Newspapers

The name says everything: this category usually features the apps that provide content we typically find in newspapers, magazines, or other periodicals. Usually, the content is automatically renewed and may cover a wide variety of topics. Also, these may be the apps providing the online version of print periodicals or the app may provide news and articles only online without any connection to a physically existing publication.

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Blog App 

News Apps

Very close to the previous category, these apps’ goal is to provide users with information about current events in diverse areas of interest from politics and entertainment to technology, business, science, and others. An app of this kind usually serves content in a newsreader or digest format, or it may be a digital-first media outlet with constant content updates. So, this category offers apps for TV and radio news, RSS readers, news programs, and outlets.

Photo and Video Apps

These apps help to create, manage, store, edit, and share photo and video content. Adding special effects, printing, creating custom greeting cards and social network posts, editing content with adding text, illustrations, masks, making collages, and so on – that’s what you find in this group.

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Cuteen Photo Editor App

Productivity Apps

The apps here have an objective to organize specific processes and tasks to make them more efficient and save user’s time and effort. As well as utilities, they may be simple but very helpful on an everyday basis such as task managers and to-do lists, calendar and password managers, chart generators, apps for data viewing, emailing, note taking and cloud storages.

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Calendar App

Upper App to do list design

Upper To-Do App

Shopping (E-Commerce) Apps

More and more users are doing their shopping online, and a big proportion of them do it right from their smartphone or at least use an app as a way to get the data about the goods quickly and easily. According to the review, 80% of shoppers used a mobile phone inside of a physical store to either look up product reviews, compare prices or find alternative store locations. Statista also features mobile e-commerce as a stable trend of growth in online shopping, expecting over 70% share of mobile purchases in total e-commerce by 2021.

estimated worldwide mobile_e_commerce_sales

So, not surprisingly, the diversity of e-commerce applications is growing day by day with a variety of user interface design approaches and tricks. These apps support the full cycle of purchase or enhance the shopping experience in a physical point of sales, for example making a process of payment easier. Marketplaces, coupon apps, product review platforms are also found here.

Perfect Bouquet App

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Vinyl Store App

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Jewellery E-commerce App

Social Networking Apps

These mobile applications are all about communication. They connect people by means of different content such as text, photo, video, voice. These apps may be aimed at both personal and community connections. So, here you’ll see the apps for text and voice messaging, audio and video calls, photo and video sharing, blogs and communities, dating apps and social networks on special interests.

Tubik Studio Social Networks design

Dating App

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Book Swap App – a social network for readers

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Buon app – a social network for fans of cooking

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Social networking application for photographers

Travel Apps

Everything devoted to traveling is found in this category: here are the apps that help users plan their journeys, book accommodation, find and buy tickets, and so on. These may be flight trackers, apps for hotel and car rentals, holiday planners and city guides, travel tips and rewards, clocks showing the time of different time zones, etc.

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Lodging App

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Museum App

Weather Apps

No need for long explanations: this type of apps informs users about weather conditions, from general forecasts to specific data about storms, tides, specific weather conditions in different locations, etc.

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Weather App

Technical Perspective

In the aspect of technical realization, there are three global types of applications: native, hybrid and web apps.

Native Apps

These applications are called that way because they are made exclusively for a particular mobile operating system so they are native for a device or platform such as iOS, Android, Blackberry, Windows Phone, Symbian. It means you can’t use this app on a different platform except for the one they are aimed for. The benefit of such apps is their high performance and high chances of positive user experience based on native device UI. They have access to different APIs and quickly reached from app stores. The pitfall is that if you want to reach your target audience from different platforms, you have to design and develop a native app for each so it may be rather expensive and time-consuming which in turn may increase the general product cost.

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User interface designed for Android

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User interface for Tasty Burger app designed for iOS

Hybrid App

These apps are built to be used across multiple platforms by means of web technologies such as HTML5, CSS, and Javascript. So, in basic terms, these are mostly web applications that look very close to native. They are quite fast in development which is a definite advantage: one code base is created for all platforms which makes the cost lower and updates easier. Basic APIs are also available for them, such as accelerometer or geolocation. However, compared to native apps, hybrid ones are worse in performance, speed, and general optimization. What’s more, there are some design requirements that can’t be accomplished for two or more platforms appropriately.

Web Apps

These are software applications that use a browser to run; they are mostly written in HTML5, CSS, and Javascript. Basically, they redirect a user to a URL, and “installation” is, in fact, creating a bookmark to the webpage. The biggest advantage is that in most cases they have minimal requirements as of the device memory and give users access from any device connected to the internet dut to saving personal databases on a server. As for the drawbacks, a bad internet connection leads to poor user experience and access to APIs is quite limited.

So, in any particular case, a client and a creative team make a decision on the type of the app based on budget, time, and numerous factors of target audience needs and behavior.

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Useful Reading

If you want to learn more about the best practices of user experience and user interface design for mobile, here are handy articles on the topic.

Mobile App Branding: Tips, Strategies, and Examples

Mobile UI Design: 15 Basic Types of Screens

Mobile Design: 14 Stylish and User-Friendly App Design Concepts

7 Tips to Enhance Mobile Interactions

The Ultimate Guide to Creating a Mobile Application

Mobile Typography: 8 Steps Toward Powerful UI

UX Design: How to Use Animations in Mobile Apps

Copywriting for Mobile and Web Interfaces: Types of UI Copy

UI/UX Design Glossary. Navigation Elements

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